UPSC Current Affairs News: Weekly Quiz (October 08 – October 14, 2023)


UPSC Weekly Quiz is a current affairs-based quiz on relevant topics from the past week, curated for the aspirants of competitive examinations. Attempt the weekly quiz every Saturday and find answers to the MCQs with explanations at the end of the article.

1. It is a crystalline metal with a layer of oxide on its surface, which makes it resistant to corrosion.

2. Alloys containing this metal are used in jet engines.

3. It is used in magnets for particle accelerators and MRI scanners due to its superconducting properties.

4. It is obtained from the mineral columbite.

The above-mentioned statements refer to which metal?

(a) Lithium

(b) Tellurium

(c) Germanium

(d) Nobium

QUESTION 2

With reference to the “Habitat Rights”, consider the following statements:

1. It safeguards and promotes traditional livelihood and ecological knowledge passed down through generations.

2. These are not given to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).

3. The Baiga community does not have these rights.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) All three

(d) None

QUESTION 3

Consider the following benefits:

1. It is abundant in antioxidants which can counteract inflammation.

2. It can assist in lowering harmful cholesterol levels.

3. It guards our cells against damage from free radicals.

4. It has a high glycaemic index.

How many of the above are the health benefits of tamarind?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) Only three

(d) All four

QUESTION 4

The world’s largest Hindu temple, Akshardham, constructed outside India in the modern era was recently inaugurated. It was constructed in accordance with old Hindu scriptures and incorporates elements of ancient Indian culture such as 10,000 figurines and statuettes, carvings of Indian musical instruments, and dancing styles. The temple is possibly the second largest after Angkor Wat in Cambodia.

The temple — Akshardham is located in

(a) Florida

(b) Colorado

(c) Indiana

(d) New Jersey

QUESTION 5

With reference to the connectivity between India and Sri Lanka, consider the following statements:

1. A ferry service has been launched between Nagapattinam and Hambantota.

2. Sangam age literature — Pattinappalai tells about boats and ships moving between India and Sri Lanka.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

QUESTION 6

Consider the following places:

  (Place in News)               (Location)

1. Parvati Kund                  Uttarakhand

2. Cachar                             West Bengal

3. Chorao Island                 Kerala

How many of the pairs given above are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) All three

(d) None

QUESTION 7

With reference to the Global Hunger Index 2023, consider the following statements:

1. It is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at multiple levels.

2. India also has the lowest child wasting rate in the world.

3. The prevalence of anaemia in women aged between 15 and 24 years stood at 58.1 percent.

4. India is ranked last in Asia in the Global Hunger Index 2023.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

Check new:   Will GTA 6 be banned? Boycott and ban calls explainedLatest

(c) Only three

(d) All four

QUESTION 8

It is the largest warship ever built. It is 337 m long, 78 m wide (measured at the flight deck) and 76 m high. The carrier’s size allows it to support up to 90 aircraft. The aircraft carrier is remarkably agile with a top speed of over 30 knots (56 kmph). It also displaces 100,000 tonnes at full load — equivalent to nearly four times the weight of steel used for the Howrah Bridge.

The above-mentioned lines refer to which aircraft carrier?

(a) Nimitz Class

(b) Juan Carlos I

(c) Admiral Kuznetsov

(d) USS Gerald R Ford

QUESTION 9

Consider the following countries:

1. Jordan

2. Syria

3. Yemen

4. Egypt

5. Iraq

6. Saudi Arabia

How many of the countries given above border Israel?

(a) Only three

(b) Only four

(c) Only five

(d) All six

QUESTION 10

Consider the following places:

      (Place)                                (Location)

1. Badakhshan                        Iraq

2. Herat                                   Afghanistan

3. Jebaliya Refugee Camp   Syria

How many of the statements given above are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) All three

(d) None

ANSWERS TO THE MCQs

1. (d)

FYI:

— The Centre has amended a key law so that it can specify competitive royalty rates for the mining of three strategically significant minerals — lithium, niobium, and rare earth elements (REEs).

Lithium

— Lithium is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal, which is a vital ingredient of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries that power electric vehicles, laptops, and mobile phones.

Niobium

— Niobium is a light grey, crystalline metal with a coating of oxide on its surface that makes it corrosion-resistant.

— It is used to strengthen the strength of alloys, notably stainless steel, especially at low temperatures.

— Alloys containing niobium are used in jet engines, beams and girders for buildings, and oil and gas pipelines.

— It is also used in magnets for particle accelerators and MRI scanners due to its superconducting properties.

— The main source of this element is the mineral columbite, which is found in countries such as Canada, Brazil, Australia, and Nigeria.

Rare Earth Elements

— REEs or rare earths are a group of 17 very similar lustrous silvery-white soft heavy metals. Rare earth compounds are used in electrical and electronic components, lasers, and magnetic materials.

Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.

2. (a)

FYI:

— A total of 19 Baiga villages with a population of 6,483 people (2,085 families) have been given the habitat rights. These villages/para/tola of Gaurela block received the rights in a special event organised by the district administration of Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi (GPM). Hence, statement 3 is not correct.

— The Baiga community is mostly found in the districts of Rajnandgaon, Kawardha, Mungeli, Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi (GPM), Manendra-Bharatpur-Chirmiri, and Bilaspur. The community also resides in Madhya Pradesh’s neighbouring areas.

— Habitat rights recognition provides the community concerned rights over their customary territory of habitation, socio-cultural practices, economic and livelihood means, intellectual knowledge of biodiversity and ecology, traditional knowledge of use of natural resources, as well as protection and conservation of their natural and cultural heritage. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

— It safeguards and promotes traditional livelihood and ecological knowledge passed down through generations.

— They also assist in bringing together numerous government plans and efforts from various agencies in order to enable PVTG communities to enhance their habitats.

— Habitat rights are given to PVTGs under section 3(1) (e) [rights including community tenures of habitat and habitation for primitive tribal groups and pre-agricultural communities] of The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 also known as the Forest Rights Act (FRA). Hence, statement 2 is not correct.

Check new:   »Panini FIFA 365 New Album for 2024«

— According to Section 2(h) of FRA, “Habitat includes the area comprising the customary habitat and such other habitats in reserved forests and protected forests of primitive tribal groups and pre-agricultural communities and other forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes.”

Therefore, option (a) is the correct answer.

3. (c)

FYI:

— According to Dr Sisodia, tamarind offers various nutritional benefits such as

— It is abundant in antioxidants which can counteract inflammation, potentially reducing pain and swelling in conditions like arthritis. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

— It can help regulate blood pressure levels.

— The dietary fibre present can assist in lowering harmful cholesterol levels, ensuring better cardiovascular health. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

— It promotes smoother digestion and acts as a natural laxative, alleviating constipation.

— It is rich in vitamin C and other antioxidants, tamarind guards our cells against damage from free radicals, helping in preventing premature ageing and certain diseases. Hence, statement 3 is correct.

— Tamarind does contain natural sugars and it has a low glycaemic index. Hence, statement 4 is not correct.

Therefore, option (c) is the correct answer.

4. (d)

FYI:

— On October 8, Mahant Swami Maharaj, the leader of the Bochasanwasi Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan (BAPS) organisation, officiated at the inauguration of Akshardham, the biggest Hindu temple ever built outside of India.

— The temple is possibly the second-largest after Angkor Wat, a Buddhist structure, in Cambodia.

— Akshardham stands at a height of 191 feet, and is spread over 185 acres in Robbinsville City of New Jersey.

— The Akshardham temple has the story of Ramayana, and the Mahabharata carved on the stones it is built with.

— It has been designed according to ancient Hindu scriptures and includes design elements from ancient Indian culture including 10,000 statues and statuettes, carvings of Indian musical instruments and dance forms.

Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.

5. (b)

FYI:

— Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the launch of ferry services between Nagapattinam and Sri Lanka’s Kankesanthurai is an important milestone in strengthening the relations between the two countries. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.

— Nagapattinam and towns nearby have long been known for sea trade with many countries, including Sri Lanka.

— The historical port of Poompuhar has been mentioned as a hub in ancient Tamil literature.

— Sangam age literature like Pattinappalai and Manimekalai speaks about boats and ships moving between India and Sri Lanka. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

— It also brings our countries closer, our people closer and our hearts closer. Connectivity enhances trade, tourism and people-to-people ties. It also creates opportunities for the youth of both countries.

Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.

6. (a)

FYI:

Therefore, option (a) is the correct answer.

7. (b)

FYI:

— India ranked 111th out of 125 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2023, a standing the government termed “erroneous and having malafide intent”.

— The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at global, regional, and national levels, reflecting multiple dimensions of hunger over time. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

— Each country’s GHI score is calculated based on a formula that combines four indicators that together capture the multidimensional nature of hunger:

(i) Undernourishment: the share of the population whose caloric intake is insufficient.

Check new:   Amazon sells “Delivery Driver Urine” as an energy drink! Why a British documentary program caused a stir | WIRED.jpLatest

(ii) Child stunting: the share of children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition.

(iii) Child wasting: the share of children under the age of five who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition.

(iv) Child mortality: the share of children who die before their fifth birthday, reflecting in part the fatal mix of inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environments.

— In the index released, India has a score of 28.7, indicating a serious level of hunger. The country came after neighbouring countries Pakistan (102nd), Bangladesh (81st), Nepal (69th) and Sri Lanka (60th). In Asia, India is ahead of Afghanistan and Yemen. Hence, statement 4 is not correct.

— Anaemia was prevalent in 58.1 percent of women between the ages of 15 and 24 in India, despite the country’s 16.6 percent undernourishment rate and 3.1% under-five mortality rate. Hence, statement 3 is correct.

— As per the index, India also has the highest child wasting rate in the world at 18.7 percent, reflecting acute undernutrition. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.

— The government, however, rejected the index calling it a flawed measure of “hunger” that does not reflect India’s true position.

— The Women and Child Development Ministry said the index suffers from “serious methodological issues and shows a malafide intent”.

Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.

8. (d)

FYI:

— After a sudden attack by Hamas on Israel aggravated the long-running war in the area, US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin gave the order for the USS Gerald R Ford carrier strike group to head to the Eastern Mediterranean to support Israel if necessary.

— The deployment reflects the United States’ steadfast support of Israel, and its desire to deter any further regional expansion of the conflict.

— The $18 billion nuclear-powered USS Gerald R Ford is the United States Navy’s newest and most advanced aircraft carrier.

— The USS Gerald R Ford is the largest warship ever built. It is 337 m long, 78 m wide (measured at the flight deck) and 76 m high. For comparison, India’s aircraft carrier INS Vikrant weighs 45,000 tons at full load, with dimensions of 262 m x 62m x 59m.

— It also displaces 100,000 tonnes at full load — equivalent to nearly four times the weight of steel used for the Howrah Bridge.

— The carrier’s size allows it to support up to 90 aircraft, including the fifth gen F-35, F/A-18 Super Hornet, E-2D Advanced Hawkeye, EA-18G Growler electronic attack aircraft, MH-60R/S helicopters, as well as a number of UAVs.

— The aircraft carrier is remarkably agile. With a top speed of over 30 knots (56 kmph), the Ford class carrier can keep up with much smaller vessels.

Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.

9. (a)

FYI:

— Israel is bordered by Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Egypt.

Therefore, option (a) is the correct answer.

A map showing the UN Partition Plan of 1947. Since then, Israel has significantly increased the area under its control at the expense of Palestine. (United Nations)

10. (a)

FYI:

Most Read

1
When ex-ISRO chief was told to ‘get lost’ by ISRO satellite centre
2
IND vs PAK Live Score, World Cup 2023: Rohit Sharma departs for 86

Therefore, option (a) is the correct answer.

Share your views, answers and suggestions in the comment box or at manas.srivastava@indianexpress.com. 

Subscribe to our UPSC Essentials newsletter : A weekly newsletter with important news, analysis, insights to help you prepare

Source